Yêu cầu:
Đếm giá trị nhỏ nhất trong ma trận số nguyên

Thuật toán:
Gồm có 2 bước:
– Bước 1: Tìm giá trị nhỏ nhất trong ma trận
– Bước 2: Đếm số lượng giá trị nhỏ nhất

Code:

/******Count the number of minimum value in matrix**********
*Author: vncoding
*Date : 11/05/2019
************************************************************/

#include <stdio.h>
#include <conio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#define N 100
#define M 100

void ImportData(int[][M], int, int, char*);
void PrintMatrix(int[][M], int, int, char);
int CntMinInMatrix(int[][M], int, int);


void main()
{
    int aRow, aCol;
    int A[N][M];
    int res;

    printf("\nNumber of row: ");
    scanf("%d", &aRow);
    printf("\nNumber of column: ");
    scanf("%d", &aCol);

    ImportData(A, aRow, aCol, "A");
    PrintMatrix(A, aRow, aCol, 'A');

    printf("\nThe number of minimum value in matrix: %d", CntMinInMatrix(A, aRow, aCol));

    getch();
}

/*************************************************************
* Function      : CntMinInMatrix()
* Parameter     : A[][M]: input matrix (I)
*                 aRow  : row number of matrix A (I)
*                 aCol  : column number of matrix A (I)
*
* Return        : the number of minimum value in matrix
*                 
* Description   : count the number of minimum value in matrix
*************************************************************/
int CntMinInMatrix(int A[][M], int aRow, int aCol)
{
    int iARow, iACol;
    int cnt = 0;
    int min;

    //1. Find minimum value in matrix
    min = A[0][0];
    for (iARow = 0; iARow < aRow; iARow++)
    {
        for (iACol = 0; iACol < aCol; iACol++)
        {
            if (min > A[iARow][iACol])
            {
                min = A[iARow][iACol];
            }
        }
    }

    //2. Count the number of minimum value
    for (iARow = 0; iARow < aRow; iARow++)
    {
        for (iACol = 0; iACol < aCol; iACol++)
        {
            if (min == A[iARow][iACol])
            {
                cnt++;
            }
        }
    }

    return cnt;
}

/*************************************************************
* Function      : ImportData()
* Parameter     : A[][M]: input matrix (I)
                  nRow  : row number   (I)
                  nCol  : column number(I)
                  nameMatrix: matrix name (I)
* Return        : void
* Description   : Import matrix data
*************************************************************/
void ImportData(int Matrix[][M], int nRow, int nCol, char* nameMatrix)
{
    int iRow, iCol;
    for (iRow = 0; iRow < nRow; iRow++)
        for (iCol = 0; iCol < nCol; iCol++)
        {
            printf("\n%s[%d][%d] = ", nameMatrix, iRow, iCol);
            scanf("%d", &Matrix[iRow][iCol]);
        }
}

/*************************************************************
* Function      : PrintMatrix()
* Parameter     : Matrix: input matrix (I)
                  nRow  : row number   (I)
                  nCol  : column number(I)
                  name  : name of matrix (I)
* Return        : void
* Description   : Display matrix data
*************************************************************/
void PrintMatrix(int Matrix[][M], int nRow, int nCol, char name)
{
    int iRow, iCol;
    printf("\n%c = ", name);
    for (iRow = 0; iRow < nRow; iRow++)
    {
        printf("\n");
        for (iCol = 0; iCol < nCol; iCol++)
        {
            printf("\t%d\t", Matrix[iRow][iCol]);
        }
    }
}

Kết quả:

Number of row: 4
Number of column: 4

A[0][0] = 1
A[0][1] = 2
A[0][2] = 3
A[0][3] = 4
A[1][0] = 5
A[1][1] = 6
A[1][2] = 1
A[1][3] = 2
A[2][0] = 3
A[2][1] = 1
A[2][2] = 7
A[2][3] = 1
A[3][0] = 4
A[3][1] = 1
A[3][2] = 4
A[3][3] = 6

A =
        1               2               3               4
        5               6               1               2
        3               1               7               1
        4               1               4               6

The number of minimum value in matrix: 5