5 Tips to Raising Livestock for Food

Raising livestock on the farm may not bring a profit but ensures best quality meat. The animal can be treated humanely and doesn’t require a big tract of land.

A woman standing beside a chicken coop with a basket full of fresh eggs.

Most homesteaders want to begin raising livestock at some point on their homesteading journey. 

Homesteading is a lifestyle not only of self sufficiency, but a lifestyle of community sufficiency as well. It is characterized by working together to locally grow, raise, and preserve our own food

Even if the meat you purchase meets the standards by the United States Department of Agriculture, you may be surprised at the conditions those animals were raised in.

When you raise an animal for meat, you can know how the animal was treated. You know what care it received, what it was fed, and the overall animal’s health. There’s a peace of mind, accomplishment and security knowing you are able to feed your family in this way. 

Here on our homestead we raise our own pigs, keep a milk cow, raise grass-fed beef, have egg-laying chickens, and raise meat chickens as well. However, there are a few things you need to know if you want to incorporate animal agriculture on your homestead. 

A woman squatting next to american guinea hogs.

Why I Like Raising Livestock

Recently, every time I go to the grocery store, prices have increased. When listening to the news, there's another outbreak of something in connection to our food. 

It's no wonder more and more folks are turning towards backyard or pastured livestock to supply their own animal products.

Livestock production is not always easy. Even small scale livestock farming requires an investment of time, money, and muscle, but the rewards outweigh the difficulties. 

Raising and slaughtering animals has been practiced for generations and is a way of life in many cultures. I’m so thankful for the experiences I had growing up on a cattle farm.

A woman checking the watering bucket inside a chicken tractor, she's also holding a basket full of farm fresh eggs.

Tip # 1 – Choosing your Livestock

If you are considering purchasing animals to raise for meat, you have options. 

  • Laying Hens – Some breeds of laying hens can be used for both meat and eggs. If you purchase hens instead of chicks, you can get food from them right away.
  • Meat Chickens – Meat chickens can be ready to butcher and eat in 8 weeks.
  • Beef Cattle – Grass-fed cows will require acreage to feed on, but will likely provide enough meat to feed your family for a year.
  • Pigs – Pigs require fencing, but you get a pretty good amount of meat for six months worth of time and effort. They'll also eat vegetables from your garden, old bread, and fruit scraps. You will probably have to purchase some feed as well.
  • Sheep – Sheep and goats are similar and are easy to raise if you understand the basics. Sheep meat is not as commonly known in some areas, but it’s very tasty if prepared properly.
  • Goats – Goats can be a profitable meat source. They don’t require high quality grazing land and are great for brush management.
  • Rabbits – Rabbits can be harvested for meat as early as 8 weeks of age making them a very prolific meat source.
  • Fish – Backyard fish farming is a unique option. You can raise fish in a pond or any small body of water.
Baby meat chicks in the grass eating from feeders.

Tip # 2 – Consider the Endgame

If you are unsure what animal to invest in, consider the endgame. This will help you decide which livestock animals to start with. Are you interested in small dairy farms and want to raise dairy animals? Then a goat or cow will be your choice. Check out my guide to raising goats and everything you need to know about dairy cows.

Do you want enough meat products to feed your family for an entire year with one animal? Then beef cattle will be your choice. Listen to my podcast on the pros and cons of raising grass fed beef.  

Do you want quick results for your labor and meat on the table as soon as possible? Then you might want to consider meat chickens. They are ready to butcher and eat in as little as eight weeks. 

My posts on raising chickens for profit and 10 tips for raising chickens include helpful information to get you started. You can also read about our experience with butchering chicken at home

cattle in wooded pasture

Tip # 3 – Expense of Raising Livestock

Let's be real here for a moment. It costs money to raise your own livestock. There's the initial purchase price of your animals, fencing, and shelter, and the ongoing cost of purchasing feed. Many people wonder if it's truly cheaper to raise it yourself.

It's definitely cheaper for us to raise our own grass-fed organic beef than it is to purchase it. We have enough pasture to feed our animals from spring through fall. 

We purchase local fermented grass (haylage) that has a higher protein count than regular grass hay to feed during the winter months. This makes it a better feed option, and it’s cheaper than regular old grass bales.

While piglets and baby chicks require a heat lamp, cattle do not. Our cattle find shelter at the base of the hill behind our home when they need wind protection. They find shelter by the large evergreens if they need it during a big snowstorm.

We do have to keep our fence lines repaired. Barbed wire and posts are a cost we incur every year. We're able to use my dad's bull to breed our cows back each season at no cost, so we don't have to keep purchasing cattle. 

For us, grass-fed organic beef is extremely frugal. However, that might not be the case for you. If you don't have pasture and have to purchase feed all year long, then it might not be cheaper. 

You'll need to weigh the difference between the going cost per pound to purchase the food in your area versus your costs to purchase, house, feed and butcher your animal. For tips on getting the most out of your grass fed beef, I share everything you need to know on butchering day.

As with any homesteading endeavor, we are constantly evaluating and perfecting. This year when we counted our expenses we discovered that we barely came under the cost of purchasing whole organic chickens at Costco. 

This year, we're planning on purchasing our feed in bulk and going in halves on renting the butchering equipment with our neighbors to help cut costs more. Local farmers are almost always willing to share and help each other.

A woman standing next to a baby cow in a pen.

Tip # 4 – Time Investment

Raising livestock includes a pretty large level of commitment. Most animals will require daily watering and feeding. We don't feed our cattle during the summer, but checking the fresh water levels is a daily requirement. 

One way to help out with the watering is an automatic stock tank valve. Basically, it keeps your water tank full without you having to do it. This is especially helpful to keep our livestock cool during hot summer months when our cattle can drain our tub while we're at work.

You'll want to keep an eye out for illness or injury, and the best way to do this is to daily inspect your livestock. It can simply be a quick visual sweep across the herd in the pasture or strolling among them for a few minutes in the evening.

Check out the most common poultry diseases every homesteader should be familiar with to help prepare you to know what to look for.

If you plan on leaving home for a period of time, you'll need to find someone who will check in on your animals for you. When we go camping, we often enlist the help of neighbors or family to check on our animals. 

No matter what the weather or how you're feeling, your livestock will need tending. However, we're able to raise almost all of our own meat, even when my husband and I both work full time. 

A woman standing beside a mobile chicken tractor with chickens inside.

Tip # 5 – Emotional Investment

You can't make pets out of livestock. You will care for them and get used to seeing them in the field or backyard, but always remind yourself that they are your food source. 

We do our very best to make sure our livestock have a safe and clean living environment that mimics how they would live if they were wild. This means pasture raised and grass fed for us.

Our children know our livestock is for meat. They help with their care, but we don't hide the harder part of farm life from them. I was raised on a cattle farm, and I’m grateful for that upbringing. 

I know what goes into our food, and I know the work and the end result. Knowing all that, I absolutely choose it for myself and my family.

We don't name any of our livestock that is being raised for food. Except for our cattle, which we named Hamburger and T-bone one year. There wasn't any confusion on which steers were being butchered!

In conclusion, I believe raising livestock is worth it, despite the investment and the costs.

woman in pasture with cattle

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5 Tips to Raising Livestock for Food