Promotion of low flush toilets in urban Mozambique from innovation idea to social enterprise
Infographic of the Biological Urban Sanitation project (BUSP) in Maputo
The Pia Fantastica toilet flushes with just one cup of water under an angle of 45 degrees and has no water seal. It has the convenience of a pedestal like a conventional ceramic toilet, and, if well installed, has no smell or fly problem. It is a toilet made out of concrete which can be produced for a price of just US$ 6.50 and is therefore attractive to the local sanitation market.
The Pia Fantastica was developed as part of the Biological Urban Sanitation Project (2016–2019) where Black Soldier Fly larvae were used for environmental friendly pit emptying.
The project has been translated into a social enterprise “Susamati” run by young professionals in Maputo, Mozambique. Setting up an enterprise is about building a team as well as marketing and sales. At this point, making a financially sustainable enterprise remains a challenge.
Annemarieke J. Mooijman, Yvette E. van Dok, Manuel Lélio A. Gungulo, Björn Brandberg, Promotion of low flush toilets in urban Mozambique from innovation idea to social enterprise, Environmental Science & Policy, Volume 116, 2021, Pages 287-291
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