# What’s Tested on the Executive Assessment?

The Executive Assessment is an entrance examination for Executive MBA programs and it’s also now accepted by a number of MBA and specialized Master’s programs. It’s made by the same organization, GMAC, that makes the GMAT—and, in fact, the two exams are very similar.

The Executive Assessment (EA) is made up of three sections that appear on the EA in this order: . (The GMAT contains these same three sections plus an Essay section. I’ll continue to address some of the main differences between the GMAT and EA as we go.)

For the Executive Assessment, people stress the most about the Quant section, followed closely by the IR section…and then they get around to thinking about the Verbal section. So I’m going to address the sections in order from most-to-least stressed-about: Quant, then IR, and finally Verbal.

### Quantitative Reasoning

The Quant section consists of the same two problem types (Problem Solving and Data Sufficiency) that appear on the Quant section of the GMAT, but the EA is considerably shorter: You’ll have 30 minutes to answer 14 problems. (The GMAT makes you answer 31 problems in 62 minutes). On both exams, you’ll have about 2 minutes per problem, on average.

The single biggest difference between the EA and the GMAT is that geometry* has been removed from the EA. But, yes, I had to add an asterisk there. Did you know that, among mathematicians, coordinate plane is considered algebra, not geometry? (You might have learned this in high school, as I did…and then completely forgot about it, as I did, until it came up again for the EA.) So it’s true that geometry is not tested on the EA…but coordinate plane can still show up, since it’s not “really” geometry.

I find that…annoying…but I was glad to see that, of the 100 quant problems in the EA official practice problems tool, just one is a coordinate plane problem. So I went into my official EA planning to guess on any coordinate plane problems I might see—and I luckily didn’t see any at all. In fact, I’ve taken the official exam twice now and didn’t see a coordinate plane problem either time.

I do know how to do geometry, since I also teach the GMAT, but I wanted to take the EA in the way that I’m advising my students to take it. Unless you happen to be a big fan of coordinate plane, I wouldn’t study it and I’d just guess randomly (bail) if you do see one on the test. Everyone needs to go into the test with a “bail” list—the things on which you’ll guess immediately when you see them. I’d put coordinate plane on that list (again, unless you happen to just love this topic).

A “bail” problem is one that you just don’t want to do. (Okay…that’s true for all of them. But it’s one that you actually are not going to do.) Assume that you’re going to bail on 2 to 3 problems out of the 14 you’re given in this section—you’re literally just going to guess in 15 seconds and reallocate that time to other problems in the section.

Why? Unless you’re trying to get everything right so you can teach for us…you in fact don’t need to get everything right. Standardized tests are literally built to not give us enough time to answer all of the questions to the best of our ability. Part of what they’re testing is whether you can make good decisions about what not to do—just as a good executive must every day.

So rather than spreading 30 minutes across 14 problems, spread that 30 minutes across 11-12 problems and give yourself a better chance of actually answering a majority of those ones correctly. Plant in your brain right now the idea that you are *not* going to try to do it all.

If you’ve studied for the GMAT and are familiar with the strategies Choose Smart Numbers, Work Backwards, and Test Cases, you can definitely use these strategies on the EA, too. You also can (and should!) estimate—I found I was able to do this even more than I do on the GMAT.

As far as the rest of the quant material, the EA appears to test everything else that the GMAT tests. If you’re using our books to study, I would emphasize the following:

#### GMAT Foundations of Math

Everything except geometry. We use this book heavily in our EA live course. (Note: Although the title says GMAT, everything in this guide applies to the EA with the exception of most of the geometry topics.)

#### All the Quant

This book is split into 5 units by major content area. Within each unit, there are also strategy chapters—how to do Data Sufficiency, for example, or a series on Arithmetic vs. Algebra. Do all of the strategy chapters in every unit except for geometry.

For math topics, I’ll list the specific areas within each unit that are most likely to show up on the EA.

Unit 1: Fractions, Decimals, Percents, and Ratios

• Fractions
• Percents
• Ratios
• For an extra-high quant score: Digits and decimals

Unit 2: Algebra

• Exponents
• Roots
• Linear equations and combos
• The basics of inequalities and max/min
• For an extra-high quant score: Quadratics and formulas

Unit 3: Word Problems

• Translations
• Statistics (average, median)
• Rates
• For an extra-high quant score: Work, weighted average, overlapping sets

Unit 4: Number Properties

• Divisibility and prime
• Odd, Even, Positive, Negative
• For an extra-high quant score: Probability and/or combinatorics—but only if you like these topics

Unit 5: Geometry

• Nothing, unless you like coordinate planes (but don’t do more geometry than that!)

The All the Quant guide comes with an accompanying ebook containing advanced math topics—no need to study those topics. The problems on the EA rarely get that hard.

### Integrated Reasoning (IR)

When talking about the GMAT, I’d normally leave Integrated Reasoning to the last, since this section doesn’t matter as much on the GMAT. On the EA, however, your IR score is incorporated into your Total score (along with Quant and Verbal), so on the EA, you do have to be well-prepared for IR.

As on the GMAT, you will answer 12 IR problems in 30 minutes and you will have access to an on-screen calculator. (You don’t get a calculator for the quant section.) Use the calculator when you need it, but be careful not to use it as a crutch—keep your thinking cap on. A lot of times, you’ll be able to estimate to the point that you won’t even need to pull up the calculator and start punching numbers in. Only one answer will make sense. Look for those opportunities to estimate / get quick-and-dirty with the math.

IR is a mix of quant, verbal, and logical reasoning skills. If you manipulate and analyze data at your job already, then at least two of the four IR problem types will feel not-too-weird to you: Tables and Graphs. You’ll be asked to do some analysis that involves reading and pulling data from the table or graph and synthesizing it in some way.

Multi-Source Reasoning (MSR) problems can be a little more complicated, but they are primarily about synthesizing data and information from multiple sources—two or three different tabs of information. Presumably, you already do this kind of information synthesis on a daily basis at work.

The fourth IR type, Two-Part, is a pretty classic “standardized-test” type of problem: You’re given a multiple-choice problem and have to solve for or find the answer. The twist, as the name Two-Part implies: You have to find two answers, not just one, for each problem.

You’ll have some problems that have a more “pure” focus—that is, primarily quant or primarily verbal or primarily logic. And you’ll have some that do a good job of making you mix skills—both quant and logic or both quant and verbal, for example.

The more verbal- or analytical-reasoning problems will not require you to bring in any outside factual knowledge, but the more quant-focused problems do require you to know various quant facts, rules, and formulas.

Luckily, the quant material is the same material you’ll be studying for the Quant section of the exam. The released official IR questions tend to focus on the following quantitative concepts:

• Arithmetic, including such concepts as PEMDAS and unit conversion, as well as manipulations involving fractions, percents (including interest rate), and ratios.
• Algebra, including linear equations and formulas / functions / sequences. The latter can sometimes be quite advanced—those are good “bail” questions (guess and move on).
• Applied (story) problems, including a lot of statistics (average, weighted average, median, and correlation), as well as some rates & work and general applied story problems (translate and solve).
• Geometry includes some very basic “common sense” geometry (e.g., knowing that the square footage of a room can be found by multiplying the length and width). You don’t need to know any “real” geometry formulas / concepts for IR.

Want to try one? GMAC has posted some official sample EA problems on its website. (Note: Create a free account in order to access the problems.)

Our Integrated Reasoning & Essay guide says GMAT on the front cover but actually fully includes EA strategy as well as GMAT strategy in the guide itself. Every time we talk about overall strategy in that book, you’ll see two sections: one for EA and one for GMAT. If you use this guide, read the EA part and skip the GMAT part.

### Verbal Reasoning

Last but not least, the Verbal section will consist of the same three problem types that appear on the Verbal section of the GMAT. This section is also shorter on the EA: You’ll have only 14 problems (compared to 36 on the GMAT). You’ll have 30 minutes or a little over 2 minutes per problem (on average).

#### Sentence Correction (SC)

SC problems are grammar problems. You’ll be given a sentence and 5 answer choices, representing variations on the original sentence. You have to say which version of the sentence is the best one—logical, unambiguous, and without any grammar errors. Plan to study all major rules and areas for SC: meaning, sentence structure, modifiers, parallelism & comparisons, and so on.

If you’ve never had a solid grounding in grammar (including how to recognize different parts of speech), then you may want to start with something like our Foundations of Verbal strategy guide and work your way up to the regular Sentence Correction unit in our All the Verbal strategy guide. In that second book, learn the main lessons for the major grammar topics and ignore anything that the book says is more advanced or more rarely tested (especially in the advanced chapters found in the All the Verbal Companion ebook that comes with the physical book).

#### Critical Reasoning (CR)

CR problems present a short argument or plan and ask you to critique it in some way. You might be asked to do something with the conclusion (strengthen it, weaken it, identify an assumption underlying it). You might be asked to give a conclusion (inference) or fix a problem with the argument (explain a discrepancy).

The CR problems found in the official EA verbal problem set cover the full range of GMAT CR question types, with an emphasis towards Inference and Strengthen problems. There are also a decent number of Weaken, Find the Assumption, and Discrepancy problems.

But on the real test, it seems to be the case that Find the Assumption and Weaken problems are also similarly frequent. If you use the CR unit of our All the Verbal strategy guide, study the whole unit but prioritize Strengthen, Weaken, Find the Assumption, and Inference. The Companion ebook that comes with this strategy guide includes an extra chapter on wrong answer analysis for CR that you might find useful.

This is a classic standardized test problem type: You read several paragraphs of information and then answer several questions about that same passage. Our teachers taking the real exam have all been given one RC passage with 4 related questions. We’re assuming that this is the standard pattern and most or all test-takers will see this.

The passages and question types in the EA official tool run the gamut—Science, Social Science, and Business topics, and all of the usual question types. As on the GMAT, Specific Detail and Inference questions are by far the most common, with a smattering of Primary Purpose / Main Idea and various minor question types.

As with the rest of verbal, study the entire RC unit in our All the Verbal Strategy guide. In short: You can use everything in the All the Verbal Strategy guide.

That covers all three sections of the Executive Assessment. Good luck and happy studying!