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Part 1: Basics of Hashing

Hashing is the process of converting a given key into another value. A hash function is used to generate the new value according to the mathematical function. The result of the hash function is known as the hash value. Let's understand this with the help of an example - You have been provided a set S of numbers. You have to perform 3 kinds of queries : Check if element X is present in the set. Add a new element X to this set, if not...