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The 2021 Gaza War and the Limits of International Humanitarian Law

The reports on the number of civilian deaths, including many children, resulting from Israel’s bombing in Gaza that took place during the round of hostilities from May 10-21, have generated a legal debate that seems to focus mainly on Israel’s actions. This is perhaps unsurprising given that Hamas’s firing of rockets into Israel indiscriminately, which also caused civilian casualties (albeit in far smaller numbers than those...

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The IDF Attack on Al Jalaa Tower: Criticisms Are Correct on the Law, But Mistaken in Applying It

I read with interest Professor Adil Haque’s legal analysis of the widely criticized attack by the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) on Al Jalaa tower. As is the case with all scholarly discourse from Prof. Haque I have read, I value his informed perspective. However, on this occasion I respectfully disagree both with the analysis and the conclusions he presents on these pages. The central point of divergence from which I begin the...

What Changed This Time in Israel-Palestine?

Guest post by Jeremy Pressman At first blush, this round of Hamas-Israel fighting was remarkably similar to past events like the 2014 war. Rockets and aerial bombings. More than 90 percent of the casualties and wounded were on the Palestinian side. Israeli bombing did significant damage to Gaza’s civilian infrastructure. Millions of Palestinians and Israelis experienced deep trauma. The United States supported Israel. Egyptian...

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Iran plays a diplomatically cautious game on Gaza

It’s not every day that Hamas leaders openly plead for Tehran’s support. But this is apparently  what happened when, as the battle between Gaza’s militant groups and Israel’s military escalated, Hamas leader Ismail Haniyeh sent a letter to Iranian Supreme Leader Ali Khamenei calling for “immediate action and mobilization of Islamic, Arab and international positions in order to … force the Zionist enemy to stop its crimes...